TORONTO—A new study says life is better for women who live in cities such as Victoria, Gatineau, Que., and Montreal, compared to Edmonton, Calgary and Ontario’s Waterloo Region.

Victoria sits atop a list of 25 Canadian cities that are ranked in a study done by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives and the research says a strong gap remains between the sexes among five areas examined: economic security, education, health, leadership and personal security.

The CCPA, which describes itself as a non-partisan research institute concerned with social, economic and environmental justice issues, titled the study “The Best and Worst Places to be a Woman in Canada 2015: The Gender Gap in Canada’s 25 Biggest Cities.”

“This was a way to draw attention to the gender gap,” said study author Kate McInturff, who based her research on Statistics Canada survey data.

“There are solutions out there. We could really improve women’s lives across the country.”

McInturff said cities in Quebec fare better on average than cities in other provinces, which she attributes to policies that help women, such as cheap and accessible daycare that allows more women to re-enter the workforce after childbirth, which leads to a higher employment rate for women.

She said cities where many jobs are in the public sector, such as Victoria and Gatineau, perform better because of the inherent transparency in pay.

“Places with large public sector employers do well because they track these things, such as gaps in pay, gaps in rates of promotion,” McInturff said. Her research shows women in Gatineau earn “87 cents on the male dollar,” making it the smallest wage gap between the sexes in Canada.

Here is the ranking study of Best Canadian Cities for Women to Live In (Read Full Report Here)

  1. Victoria, B.C.
  2. Gatineau, Que.
  3. Quebec City
  4. Abbotsford-Mission, B.C.
  5. Halifax
  6. London, Ont.
  7. Vancouver
  8. Barrie, Ont.
  9. Montreal
  10. Oshawa, Ont.
  11. Ottawa
  12. Toronto
  13. Kelowna, B.C.
  14. Regina
  15. St. John’s, N.L.
  16. St. Catharines-Niagara, Ont.
  17. Kingston, Ont.
  18. Winnipeg
  19. Sherbrooke, Que.
  20. Hamilton, Ont.
  21. Saskatoon
  22. Windsor, Ont.
  23. Calgary
  24. Edmonton
  25. Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ont.